Test Bank For Law and Ethics in the Business Environment International Edition 7th Edition by Terry Halbert
Workers’ Rights as Human Rights: Health and Safety in the Workplace
- According to the court in the World Trade Center, the Fifth Amendment Substantive Due Process clause has all of the following meanings except:
- Individual protection against arbitrary actions of the government
- No deprivation of life, liberty or property without due process of law
- The government is bound to follow certain processes when arresting or trying someone for a crime
- The government is not allowed to behave in a manner that shocks the conscience
ANSWER: C PAGE: 168
- With the adoption of the ____________, the U.S. began to address the need to prevent, or minimize, workplace accidents and health hazards.
- Securities Act
- Occupational Safety and Health Act
- Environmental Protection Agency
- National Insurance Act
ANSWER: B PAGE: 173
- Employers have __________ been held criminally responsible for workplace injuries and deaths to workers.
ANSWER: A PAGE: 176
- Typically individual stockholders are not held responsible for the actions of a corporation. Exceptions usually relate to comingling of funds, underinsuring, or similar actions by the corporate leadership. This is called:
- Risking liability
- Piercing the corporate veil
- The privilege of the stockholders
- Free market trading of stocks
ANSWER: B PAGE: 177
- When an employee is injured on the job, that employee may:
- File a worker’s compensation claim and accept the government-determined value for the injury.
- File a tort claim in state court to recover damages above the worker’s compensation amount.
- File a complaint with OSHA to have the employer investigated and charged if violations are present.
- I only
- I and II only
- III only
- I and III only
ANSWER: D PAGE: 183-4
- The purpose of OSHA and the MSHA is to eliminate injury in the workplace.
ANSWER: B. PAGE: 180 – the purpose is to reduce harm or to manage risk.
- Which of the following is true about worker’s compensation in America?
- Employers pay the employees directly for injuries caused on the job.
- Employees collect workers compensation for on the job injuries but are not allowed to sue employers for negligence.
- Employees collect workers compensation for on the job injuries but are not allowed to sue employers for any claim related to the injury.
- Employers cannot opt out of the system even if they can self-insure against workplace injury.
ANSWER: B PAGE 184
- One example of modern day slavery, as discussed in the interview with Kevin Bales, is:
- Purchased human labor for farming – just as it existed in early U.S. History with humans being kidnapped, transported and sold on the open market.
- Debt bondage – where families borrow money with the collateral being their future labor and the future labor of their offspring.
- People being offered very low wages and poor working conditions because the market will bear those conditions.
- Children working for their family businesses doing manual labor that is legal under exceptions to the child labor laws.
ANSWER: B PAGE: 188
- According to Henry Shue, firms are not in the business of protecting the interests of their workers, except when this is a means to accomplish the organizational objectives.
ANSWER: A PAGE 195
- According to Henry Shue, who should have responsibility to protect workers from potential harm caused by imported goods?
- The employers of the workers facing the potential harm
- The governments of the people who may be harmed
- The companies importing the goods
- Consumers who ultimately buy the goods
- I only
- I and II
- I, II and III
- I, II, III and IV
ANSWER: D PAGE 196 (the author states that all should have responsibility but ultimately the reality is that consumers have responsibility because the others fail)
There are no reviews yet.