Test Bank For Professional Nursing Concepts & Challenges 8th Edition By Beth Black
Chapter 11: Developing Nursing Judgment Through Critical Thinking
Black: Professional Nursing: Concepts & Challenges, 8th Edition
1. Critical thinking in nursing needs to include which of the following important variables?
a. Consideration of ethics and responsible decision making
b. Ability to act quickly, often on impulse
c. Ability to determine the best nursing interventions regardless of patient’s values and beliefs
d. Flexible thinking that rarely follows a pattern or considers standards
A Critical thinking in nursing is based on ethics and standards of the profession.
B Critical thinking is consciously developed, complex, and purposeful, never impulsive.
C Critical thinking and decision making are based on patient’s values and beliefs.
D Critical thinking is based on a decision-making model and nursing standards.
DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: Page 216
2. A nursing student asks a faculty member how to improve critical thinking. Which response by the faculty is best?
a. “Don’t worry too much; it will come with time and experience.”
b. Pay close attention to how you solve problems; assess your own style of thinking.”
c. “Spend time shadowing an experienced nurse to see how it is done.”
d. “Use ethical standards to guide how you approach patient situations.”
A Although time and experience are important in developing critical thinking, people actually must actively consider how they think in order to improve critical thinking.
B Making thinking a focus of concern and actively thinking about it is the best advise the faculty can give.
C While observing an experienced nurse may be helpful, the student needs to be an active participant to improve critical thinking.
D Using ethical and professional standards is a part of critical thinking, but that is only a portion of what makes a good critical thinker.
DIF: Cognitive Level: Analysis REF: Pages 216-217
3. Which of the following is a characteristic of an accomplished critical thinker?
b. Narrow focus
c. Unaffected by other arguments
d. Quick decision making
A The accomplished critical thinker needs to ask questions when things do not seem quite right.
B The accomplished critical thinker thinks broadly, considering all possibilities.
C The accomplished critical thinker considers all information and all arguments before deciding on a course of action.
D The accomplished critical thinker considers the facts, fits them into known patterns, considers all aspects of the problem, and makes decisions based on knowledge, not on instinct.
DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: Page 215
4. Which of the following statements describes the purpose of the nursing process?
a. Process of documentation designed to decrease liability
b. Process designed to maximize reimbursement potential
c. A sophisticated time-management strategy
d. Process used to identify and solve patient problems
A Although proper documentation is part of the nursing process, it is a problem-solving process, not a documentation process.
B The nursing process is not used with reimbursement potential in mind.
C The nursing process is not a time-management strategy.
D The purpose of the nursing process is to identify and solve patient problems.
DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: Page 219
5. Which of the following is considered subjective data in information gathering from the patient?
a. Pulse and blood pressure measurements
b. ECG pattern
A Pulse rate and blood pressure measurements are signs or objective data that can be confirmed by observation.
B The ECG pattern is objective data.
C Diaphoresis is objective data.
D Subjective data are the patient’s perceptions, sometimes called “symptoms.”
DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: Page 219
6. A nursing student is complaining about writing care plans. Which response by the faculty is best to help the student see the importance of this activity?
a. “Using the nursing process will help nurses get reimbursement for their services.”
b. “You need a written plan of care so everyone is on the same page as you are.”
c. “The nursing process is a way to systematically think about and use patient data.”
d. “Most state nurse practice acts require them, so you need to learn how to do them.”
A Demonstrating use of the nursing process may be important in obtaining reimbursement, but it is not the primary reason for using the nursing process (and writing care plans).
B Having a detailed plan that other nurses can follow is important, but it is not the primary reason for using the nursing process (and writing care plans).
C Writing care plans teaches students to use the nursing process, which is a systematic way of thinking about and processing patient data.
D State nurse practice acts do require that nurses demonstrate the use of the nursing process, but this statement does not describe why the process itself is important.
DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: Page 225
7. Which of the following is considered objective data obtained from the patient?
a. “I can’t catch my breath.”
b. Patient expresses concern about missing work.
c. Patient nods, indicating an affirmative answer to a question.
d. Blood pressure is 110/70 at 8 p.m.
A A patient’s expression of a problem is subjective data.
B The patient expressing concern about missing work is an inference based on what a patient has said.
C “Patient nods, indicating an affirmative answer to a question” is interpretation of a movement.
D Objective data are measurable and observable.
DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: Page 219
8. The nurse observes a patient lying rigidly in bed and taking shallow breaths. The patient reports a pain score of 4 out of 5 and says, “My leg hurts.” The nurse determines that the objective and subjective data are
a. incongruent and require more assessment.
b. insufficient to make any conclusions.
c. congruent and support that the patient is in pain.
d. unclear; the nurse needs to talk to the patient’s family for more information.
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